During the summer season, everyone likes to go around places to rejuvenate themselves from the mundane routines to have entertainment, games, and fun. But what comes along with the thrills and adventures? Injuries, burns, cuts, sprains or something worse. Not knowing how to manage such a situation and what to do to handle the accident could turn the whole experience upside down. However, having basic knowledge of first-aid always comes handy to save the day.
This might sound trivial but having someone around with first aid training can save us from so many bad moments while not having someone trained around could lead us to a state of panic. This is the reason why there should be at least one person at home with the proper training at providing first aid.
5 Types of Most Common Injuries
We might not realise it but there are 5 most common injuries that we or someone around us could encounter during the daily life.
Tripping Over the Ankle
Well if you have rolled over your ankle and it has swollen and turned sore but you are still able to walk uncomfortably then your ligament has been torn or got stretched. It’s time to apply the RICE procedure: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
Recline on a chair and raise your ankle above the hip level. Apply Rice method intermittently for the coming few days. Wear sneakers. The soreness should go away after a few days or weeks. However, if you realize the soreness is too much to walk and there’s a lump on the ankle then you should see the doctor within 48 hours so he could physically examine you as this might be the case of fracture or intense sprain.
During the first aid training courses, different methods are taught to assess ankle injuries and then to apply on-spot treatments for them. Wilson Medic One is a great training provider in Australia if you are interested to apply first aid course Brisbane.
Knife-Cut on the Hand
A very common human instinct is running water on the knife cut wound to wash away the pouring blood. While the truth of the matter is, it washes away the clotting agents of blood as well if the cut is long and wide enough and hence, there’s more bleeding. While on the other hand, pick up a gauze pad or a towel and apply hard pressure on the gash for 10 minutes. Once the bleeding stops then you should put your hand under the water for 10 minutes. Keep it bandaged until it heals.
However, if you take aspirins for blood thinning or the cut is more than half an inch wider than it is best to rush to the ER as you might be needing stitches. Do not forget to keep the gash pressed until you reach there.
You can learn different life-saving hacks during the first aid training course which could help you better in dealing with the unanticipated injury situations.
Hit on the Head
All head traumas have same one rule: if the person vomits continuously, too dizzy to walk or stay unconscious for a long period of time then take him to the ER for immediate medical tests. Even if the person seems fine externally, they might have suffered the injuries internally; therefore, monitor them for 2 to 3 weeks for any signs of concussion such as a headache, memory loss, sensitivity to light or noise, blurry vision or irritability etc. Generally, the signs of concussion show up within 48 to 72 hours of head injury.
Burns after the Barbecue
The moment you get the burn, stop yourself from the urge to apply ice to it as the matter could get worse. Instead, run cold water on the burn for 15 to 20 minutes unless the burning stops to reduce the risk of scarring, swelling, and blisters. Apply sterile gauze and not cotton on the burn and wash it with water and soap once in a day for few days. See a doctor if it’s a second-degree burn.
Burns is very irritating and painful. Its treatment also varies as per the degree of the burn you get. Considering this, a proper certification in first aid training Melbourne could help you at better handling the intensity of burns.
The heatwave of summers brings along the sunburns as well. If the patient is dizzy, feverish and oozing blisters within the 24 hours of burn then rush to the doctor; however, if the only issue is redness and discomfort then apply cold compresses for 10 to 15 minutes twice in a day, then apply aloe vera lotion and give ibuprofen (anti-inflammatory e.g. Advil) to the patient.
Accidents can happen anywhere, it is, therefore, best to apply first aid course and always be prepared and carry a first aid kit along. The basic items to keep with you all the time are as follows:
- Breathing barrier for CPR
- Tweezer to remove splinters
- 1% hydrocortisone cream for bites and stings
- Alcohol pads for wounds
- Non-latex gloves
- Ibuprofen for fever and pain
- Hand sanitizer
- Instant cold compress for swelling
- Water bottle
However, the only way to use these things right is by equipping yourself with the first aid training else there’s no use for the layman.